Comment on page


What is declaration?
The declaration (KoDeclaration) represents a code entity, a piece of Kotlin code. Every parsed Kotlin File (KoFileDeclaration) contains one or more declarations. The declaration can be a package (KoPackageDeclaration), property (KoPropertyDeclaration), annotation (KoAnnotationDeclaration), class (KoClassDeclaration), etc.
Consider this Kotlin code snippet file:
private const val logLevel = "debug"
open class Logger(val level: String) {
fun log(message: String) {
The above snippet is represented by the KoFileDeclarationclass. It contains two declarations - property declaration (KoPropertyDeclaration) and class declaration (KoClassDeclaration). The Logger class declaration contains a single function declaration (KoFunctionDeclaration ):
Declarations mimic the Kotlin file structure. Konsts API provides a way to retrieve every element. To get all functions in all classes inside the file using .classes().functions() :
koFile // List<KoFile>
.classes() // List<KoClassDeclaration>
.functions() // List<KoFunctionDeclaration>
To print declaration content use koDeclaration.print() method.

Declaration Properties

Each declaration contains a set of properties to facilitate filtering and verification eg. KoClass declaration has name, modifiers , annotations , declarations (containing KoFunction) etc. Here is how the name of the function can be retrieved.
val name = koFile // List<KoFileDeclaration>
.classes() // List<KoClassDeclaration>
.functions() // List<KoFunctionDeclaration>
.first() // KoFunctionDeclaration
.name // String
println(name) // prints: log
Although it is possible to retrieve a property of a single declaration usually verification is performed on a collection of declarations matching certain criteria eg. methods annotated with specific annotations or classes residing within a single package. See the Declaration Query And Filter page.

Debugging Declaration Properties

Each declaration exposes a few additional properties to help with debugging:
  • text - provides declaration text eg. val property role = "Developer"
  • location - provides file path with file name, line, and column e.g. ~\Dev\IdeaProject\SampleApp\src\kotlin\com\sample\Logger:10:5
  • locationWithText - provides location together with the declaration text